Export & Import Procedures in Indonesia
Register as an Exporter or Importer in Indonesia
Becoming an exporter and importer in Indonesia, you should first register yourself or your company and fulfill all the required documents.
a. For Importers
To be legally importing in Indonesia, you should follow the registration procedures in the following:
- Register to the Indonesian Ministry of Trade. Visit here.
- Obtain a customs identification number known as Nomor Identitas Kepabeanan or NIK. NIK is a personal identification number which is issued by the Directorate General of Customs and Excise, Ministry of Finance of Indonesia. Visit here.
- Obtain an Importer Identification Number, also known as Angka Pengenal Import or API. API is the database of all importers’ import activities. Visit here.
b. For Exporters
Followings are compulsory documents you should have to be legally exporting outside Indonesia:
- Obtain a NIK issued by issued by the Directorate General of Customs and Excise, Ministry of Finance of Indonesia. Visit here.
- Obtain a taxpayer identification number (NPWP) issued by Ministry of Finance of Indonesia. Visit here.
- Attain one of these licenses: a Trade license (SIUP) from the Ministry of Trade, here.
Required Documents for Export and Import Activities
While doing the activities of imports and exports, both should meet the administrative requirements, namely:
a. For Importers
Businesses importing into Indonesia must provide the following documents:
- Commercial invoice, signed by the manufacturer or supplier as true and correct;
- Bill of lading, in three endorsed originals and four non-negotiable copies;
- Certificate of insurance;
- Packing list;
- Import permit; and
- Customs import declaration.
b. For Exporters
Businesses exporting out of Indonesia must provide the following documents:
- Bill of Lading, Airway bill or other transport documents such as postal receipt, cargo receipt;
- Commercial Invoice;
- Customs Export Declaration;
- Packing List;
- Export declaration of goods (PEB);
- Insurance Certificate;
- Export Permit; and
- Certificate of Origin.
Both importers and exporters should bear in mind that the documents may have to be prepared in order to comply with the requirements of the importing or exporting countries. The documents needed very much depend upon the kind of goods people are trading, such as general goods, agricultural products, livestock, processed or unprocessed foods, machinery and so forth. All these products have different policy and requirements one should meet in order to trade. Some products may require special certifications such as halal and health certifications.
Tariffs and Taxes
Indonesian customs use a tariff schedule based on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System for classifying imported and exported goods, not originating from ASEAN member states. Please see the details on WTO’s website. For all goods or products coming to Indonesian territory from any ASEAN countries, preferential trade tariffs applied.
Free Trade Agreements
Indonesia is a party of five Regional Trade Agreements under the frame of ASEAN, namely Australia and New Zealand, China, India, Japan, and South Korea. In addition to that, Indonesia has bilateral free trade agreements with Mozambique, Chile, and Pakistan.
Meanwhile, Indonesia-EU Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (Indonesia-EU CEPA) is still under negotiations.
Special Requirements for Agricultural Products and Drugs: HALAL
- To be eligible to export agricultural products to Indonesia, an exporter should ensure to meet the special requirement of Halal Standard since Indonesia is a Moslem majority country with Islam population around 87% of the total inhabitants.
- Halal Standard Bodies in Europe: Poland, Netherland, Belgium, Germany, Denmark, Austria, Hungary, France, Spain, Italy, Switzerland, and Ireland (certified/verified/approved by MUI).
- HALAL Certifier in Austria: The Islamic Information Documentation and Certification.
- Please see www.iidc.eu for more information on Halal Certifications.
- Besides the Halal Standard, some other measures required are: SPS and Labelling.